Mombasa is a coastal city of Kenya located along the eastern coastline of the Indian ocean and this city has quite a number of attractions since its advancements are rapid. This destination is a known tourist hub for beach holidays and also for its rich history and architecture and multicultural nature.
Mombasa has been influenced by different cultures such as African culture, Persian, Arab, Portuguese and British culture. The local community around this destination are mostly Muslims, Mijikenda and Swahili people.
The natural harbor of Mombasa is also a major tourism attraction site. This destination has beautiful beaches with white sand and the people living around the beaches have a unique and beautiful culture and history that is irresistible to the tourists.
Many items are traded along this coastal region which is a major link of Africa to the rest of the world and it handles goods from the rest of east Africa which includes countries such as Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi.
The scenery of Mombasa is characterized by a flat topography which eases the transport around Mombasa and its neighboring cities. The forms of transport used include air transport, rail transport, road transport, and water transport.
Air travel in Mombasa takes place in the Moi International airport which is also known as Mombasa airport. This airport is managed by the Kenya Airports Authority and was named after the former president of Kenya His Excellency Daniel Arap Moi.
Rail transport is another alternative for people travelling in Mombasa. The passenger trains operated run from Mombasa to Nairobi and they consist of different classes such as the first class, second class, and third-class coaches.
Cargo trains also operate and they offer services to the inland Kenya and from the inland parts of the country to the coast. Some of the railway tracks run from Mombasa through Nairobi to Uganda and also from Kenya to Tanzania through Taveta.
The road network connects Mombasa to other cities in Kenya, to Dar es salaam and to Malindi and Lamu in the northern part. The road users ride in matatus and tuk-tuks which move within the residential areas and the coastal region.
Water transport involves the use of ferries that operate from Kilindini and Mtogwe to Likoni in the south since there is no bridge between Mombasa and the south coast. Being a major seaport, Mombasa has cold storage and warehousing facilities and a container terminal that handles goods for the neighboring landlocked countries.
Inland depots that also handle containers include Nairobi, Kisumu, and Eldoret. Mombasa is Separated from the mainland by Tudor creek to the west and Kilindini harbor to the south. This port is also linked to other major ports of the world such as in Europe, south and north America, Asia, the middle east, Australia and the rest of Africa.
The weather experienced in Mombasa consists of rainy seasons in April and May and dry seasons during the months of July to October. The cooler months of the year favor most of the tourist activities and other aquatic sports along the coast.
Mombasa also consists of beautiful architecture which can be seen in the houses, monuments and mosques and along the streets and other buildings which are some of its major tourist attractions. Other attractions include;
- Mombasa old town is a part of Mombasa which was greatly influenced by the Arabs in terms of culture, language, and architecture. It shows the multicultural nature of the people living in this town and its heritage. Some of the souvenir shops sell antiques, spices, fragrance oils, and many other items. The beauty of this town is better experienced on foot in the company of a guide.
- Gedi ruins are a historical and archaeological site near the Indian ocean which are hidden by tropical forest, baobab, and tamarind. This destination has old relics of the Arab settlements at the coast such as mosques, a palace, houses, pillar tombs. Tours through these ruins also provide insight into the Swahili people and their culture. Tourists can engage in activities such as nature walks where they can see species such as Sykes monkeys and a variety of bird species such as turacos, malachite kingfishers, paradise flycatchers, African harrier hawks among others.
- Fort Jesus is an attraction site on the southern edge of Mombasa which was built by the Portuguese to protect Mombasa and to protect their trade route to India and their interests in East Africa. The fort is designed in a way that it reflects the military architectural theory of the renaissance.
- Hindu temples are among the attraction sites which depict the multicultural nature of Mombasa. Tours through these temples show the tourists the images of the Hindu gods, stone carvings on the walls of the temple, colorful paintings, and pictures among other artifacts that are of great value to the Hindu worshippers.
- Mamba village is a tourist site in Mombasa where tourists get to see crocodiles and learn many fascinating aspects about these reptiles such as their bite force, average lifespan, crocodile life cycle, weight, length and age of the crocodiles among other facts. Tourists can also watch as the crocodiles are fed during the feeding time and also visit the souvenir shops or the restaurants around the site to get a taste of the crocodile delicacies. This site is also the largest crocodile farm in East Africa.
- Haller park is the largest animal sanctuary in Mombasa located along the Mombasa- Malindi highway. This nature park was formerly known as the Bamburi nature trail and was named Haller park after Dr. Rene Holler in remembrance of his work with Bamburi Portland cement company to transform their abandoned quarry into an ecological park. This park offers the opportunity for tourists to see the wildlife in their natural habitat as a way of increasing awareness on conservation of the environment.
- Mombasa tasks that are shaped in a letter “m” mark the entry point into this destination and they were built to commemorate the visit of Queen Elizabeth. During the time of this visit, ivory was considered a valuable commodity and this monument was a way of embracing the Queen and the British empire into the town.
- Bombolulu Workshops is a major tourist attraction site that consists of a cultural center with traditional homesteads which provides entertainment for tourists such as traditional dances. It is a project of the physically disabled in Kenya that produces crafts, jewelry, textile, wood and leather products.
- Shimba hills national reserve which is one of the largest coastal forests near Mombasa. This reserve is also known for the sable antelopes which can be seen along with other wildlife species such as elephants, bushy-tailed mongoose among others.
Residential areas of Mombasa include Kizingo, Kibokoni, Makadara, Ganjoni, Tudor. Other towns near Mombasa include Nyali, Likoni, Magongo, Mikindani, and Miritini, Changamwe, Bamburi, Diani beach.
Goods that were traded in Mombasa include sisal, cotton, sugar, kapok, coconuts, fruits, and vegetables, as well as exports, got from the neighboring countries of Tanzania and Uganda by rail means. Different Companies handle the goods which go through the Mombasa port.
Activities that tourists visiting Mombasa can engage in include snorkeling, scuba diving which are mainly water-based activities.
Visit Mombasa and learn about its cultures and historical sites as well as the beautiful white-sand beaches.