Garamba national park is found in Orientale province in the Democratic republic of Congo to the north east of the country bordering south Sudan, Garamba national park is renowned for its large herds of elephants and the only place where to find the kordofan giraffe in Congo.
Garamba national park covers an area of 4,920 kilometers squared; it was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1980. The Garamba national park was early renowned for habituating numerous species of northern white rhinos however, the park greatly suffered poaching during the Congo civil wars by 2008 the last white rhinos were killed by poachers.
Garamba national park was established in March 1938 making it one of Africa’s oldest national parks with very rich biodiversity characterized by Savannah grasslands, Rocky outcrops and tropical rain forests, papyrus marshlands with dotted inselbergs. The park is situated in a transition of Congo tropical rain forests and Guinea SudanoSavannah’s
Garamba national park is fed by three Rivers that is; river aka, river Dungu and river Garamba. It’s also estimated to have over 1000 species of trees 5% of which are endemic to this area. The elephants of Garamba were trained to work in agriculture fields and for forestry purposes.
Activities at Garamba national park
Garamba national park was earlier known for numerous herds of northern white rhinos though the population dramatically reduced the park is home to several animals like; hyenas, lions, buffalos, African elephants, hippopotami, kordofan giraffes, giant forest hogs, antelopes, bush pig ,mongoose, de Brazza monkey, vervet monkey, golden cat, warthogs, waterbucks and many more.
Garamba national park boasts with numerous birds some of which are endemic to this area. The birds are residential while others are migratory. Garamba national park is a place for bird enthusiasts with over 550 species of birds recorded within the park some of the birds you will likely see are; squaco heron, fishing eagle, water thick knee, pied kingfisher, wattled plovers, black crake, knob billed ducks, long tailed cormorants, white backed pelicans, pink backed pelicans, spur winged plovers and white faced whistling to mention a few.
For a more thrilling experience in the Congo basin wilderness, tourists can take a boat cruise in on of the Garamba Rivers and enjoy the parks flora and fauna including viewing of some aquatic animals and water birds.
Fishing at Garamba can be done at the designated areas of the rivers and tourists are advised to come along with their fishing gears.
Guided nature walks
The guided nature walks at Garamba will expose you to many plant species, insect and butterflies to be seen as well as primates.
Best time to visit
The best team to visit Garamba national park is in the dry season but from June to December when it’s rainy season the roads are almost impossible to pass and the vegetation is very thick and it’s also not easy to spot wild life.
Where to stay
Garamba national park accommodation ranges from camping or luxurious some of the hotels where you can have a comfortable stay are; New Cosmos hotel, Plaza hotel, hotel Kisangani, La Trompette hotel, flat hotel Petit zoo and many more.
How to get there
The park can be accessed by air or by road from Arua to Nagero, but tourists are highly recommended to always use air transport as it’s convenient.